Native Nation Building: An Introduction
Remaking the Tools of Governance
Intergovernmental and Intertribal Relations: Walking the Sovereignty Walk
Course Instructors: Dr. Manley Begay, Faculty Chair, Native Nations Institute Dr. Stephen Cornell, Faculty Associate, Native Nations Institute Jaime Pinkham, Vice President & Native Nations Team Leader,
Bush Foundation, and Former Treasurer, Nez Perce Tribe
Estimated Learning Time: 15 to 18 hours
Deadline to Complete Course: Nine (9) weeks from date of enrollment
This course explores the growth in intergovernmental relationships between Native nations and federal, state, local, and other tribal governments. It examines the pros and cons of litigation versus negotiation in resolving intergovernmental conflicts, and demonstrates how Native nations across Indian Country are using formal intergovernmental agreements as important nation-building tools. Featuring the firsthand perspectives of more than 60 Native leaders and scholars, it presents case studies of several Native nations who have forged creative relationships with governmental and non-governmental partners to advance their strategic priorities and solve common problems.
By the end of this course, students will understand:
Native Nation Building
The basic political and socioeconomic challenges facing Native nations today
Why the Standard Approach is a failed recipe for successful Native nation building
The five components of the Nation-Building Approach and why Native nations who choose this approach are better able to achieve their development goals
What governance is, and why it is important
The relationship – and differences – between self-determination and governance, and the challenges they present
The breadth and diversity of traditional Indigenous governance systems
How colonial policies impacted Indigenous governance and governments, and the contemporary legacies of those policies
The fundamental difference between self-administration and self-governance
How Native nations are remaking their tools of governance
The factors driving the growth in intergovernmental and intertribal relationship building
What Native nations should consider in deciding which path (litigation or negotiation) to pursue to resolve intergovernmental conflicts
The ways intergovernmental agreements can serve as nation-building tools
That the act of forging partnerships with other governments represents an exercise of tribal sovereignty, not a loss of it
Some strategies Native nations can use to find common ground with other governments
The keys to building effective, sustainable intergovernmental relationships
QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER
Native Nation Building
What is nation building?
What explains the success that some Native nations have had in building sustainable, self-determined economies?
What are the fundamental differences between the Standard Approach and the Nation-Building Approach, and why does one work so much better than the other?
Why are capable governing institutions so critical to successful nation building?
What role does and should culture play in rebuilding Native nations?
What is the relationship between self-determination and governance?
What is governance? How is it different from government?
Where does governance fit in the life of your nation?
What impacts did colonialism have on Indigenous governance systems?
How and why are Native nations reclaiming and remaking those systems?
Where does governmental legitimacy come from? How do Native nations achieve it?
Does the present design of your Native nation's government provide adequate tools for meeting the challenges the nation faces?
If not, what steps should the nation take to equip itself with more effective governing tools?
Generally speaking, how would you characterize your nation's relationships with other governments (cooperative and supportive, difficult and confrontational, non-existent, etc.)?
Does your nation currently have formal, cooperative agreements with other governments other than the federal government (for example, with a state agency, with a county, with a municipality)? In what areas (law enforcement, social services, taxation, natural resource management, etc.)?
What successful intergovernmental relationships has your nation cultivated, and what benefits have those relationships brought the nation?
Do you know of instances in which your nation attempted to build intergovernmental relationships but failed? If so, what factors contributed to those failures?
Based on what you know, is your nation effective at building productive intergovernmental relations? Why/why not?
Are there things your nation could do to improve its relations with other governments?
Does your nation currently have a dedicated office and/or staff whose job it is to initiate and strengthen relationships with other governments? If not, do you think it should?
Intergovernmental Relationships: Tools for
The Native Nations Institute for Leadership, Management, and Policy (NNI), housed at
The University of Arizona's Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, serves as a self-determination, governance, and development resource for Indigenous nations in the United States, Canada, and elsewhere.
NNI was founded in 2001 by the Morris K. Udall Foundation (now Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation) and The University of Arizona.
Native Nations Institute for Leadership, Management, and Policy (NNI)
Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy
The University of Arizona
803 East First Street, Tucson, AZ 85719-4831
phone: 520.626.0664 | fax: 520.626.3664 | e-mail: email@example.com